''THE TAJ MAHAL'' OF INDIA

''THE TAJ MAHAL''
Type
Mausoleum
Initiator
Shah Jahan
Constructor
Ustad Ahmad Lahauri
Construction
1631-1653
Proprietary
Indian Republic
Inscription
UNESCO World Heritage since 1983
Visitors
7 500 000/year
Location: Agra, India
  • The specialists of each profession were called to work on a site that brings together the peak of its activities up to 20,000 people. It was started in 1631 & was completed in 1653 & it takes 22 years.
  • The architecture of the Taj Mahal is clearly Indo-Islamic.
  • Ustad Ahmad Lahori : Main architecte
  • Ismail Afandi, Ottoman Empire: Designer of the Main Dome
  • Ustad Isa and Isa Muhammad Effendi, from Persia: Architectural Designer
  • 'Puru' from Benarus, Persia: Supervisor Architect
  • Qazim Khan, Lahore: Gilding
  • Chiranjilal, Delhi: Chief Sculptor and Mosaicist
  • Amanat Khan of Shiraz, Iran: Chief Calligrapher
  • Muhammad Hanif: Mason Supervisor
  • Mir Abdul Karim Khan and Mukkarimat of Shiraz: Financial Manager, Daily Production
  • used different types of marble, which came from different regions and countries: Rajasthan, Punjab, China, Tibet, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, and even the Arabian Peninsula were stone exporting centers.
  • Semi-Precious & rare Stones have been brought from distance places like Tibet, Kumaon, Jaisalmer, Cambay, Ceylon e.t.c.
  • The Taj Mahal is on the edge of the river Yamuna.
  • the total cost of building the Taj Mahal is RUB 41,848,426. He was paid 466.55 kg of gold from the royal treasury.
  • The 5th Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan was the originator of the Taj Mahal & dedicated to his Wife's Name ''Mumtaj Mahal.''
  • The Taj Mahal is therefore only a tomb, but an exceptional grave. It is at the crossroads of Moghole, Indian, Persian and even Syrian architecture.
  • The history of the Indies tells us that Shah jahan was deposed by his son and spent the last 8 years of his life in prison, at the fort of Agra. At his death he was simply buried at the side of his wife in the Taj Mahal.
Thanking You.

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